Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

First Advisor

Toms, Forrest D.


The purpose of this research was to examine the life experiences of Malcolm X that led to his beliefs, practices, and transformation as a leader. This study utilized qualitative historical social science research methods that included document analysis, article review, and analysis of materials obtained from web sites. Archival data analyzed included electronic documents, web sites, books, letters, as well as first hand quotes from Malcolm’s own writings, lectures, speeches, and first hand reports from wife Betty Shabazz, his children, Alex Haley, and other sources related to Malcolm’s life history.