Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Electrical Engineering

First Advisor

Dogan, Numan S.


Rotary Traveling Wave Oscillator (RTWO) represents a transmission line based technology for multi-gigahertz multiple phase clock generation. RTWO is known for providing low jitter and low phase noise signals but the issue of high power consumption is a major drawback in its application. Direction of wave propagation is random and is determined by the least resistance path in the absence of an external direction control circuit. The objective of this research is to address some of the problems of RTWO design, including high power consumption, uncertainty of propagation direction and optimization of design variables. Included is the modeling of RTWO for sensitivity, phase noise and power analysis. Research objectives were met through design, simulation and implementation. Different designs of RTWO in terms of ring size and number of amplifier stages were implemented and tested. Design tools employed include Agilent ADS, Cadence EDA, SONNET and Altium PCB Designer. Test chip was fabricated using IBM 0.18 μm RF CMOS technology. Performance measures of interest are tuning range, phase noise and power consumption. Agilent ADS and SONNET were used for electromagnetic modeling of transmission lines and electromagnetic field radiation. For each design, electromagnetic simulations were carried out followed by oscillation synthesis based on circuit simulation in Cadence Spectre. RTWO frequencies between 2 GHz and 12 GHz were measured based on the ring size of transmission lines. Simulated microstrip transmission line segments had a quality factor between 5.5 and 18. For the various designs, power consumption ranged from 20 mW to 120 mW. Measured phase noise ranged between -123 dBc/Hz and -87 dBc/Hz at 1 MHz offset. Development also included the design of a wide band buffer and a printed circuit board with high signal integrity for accurate measurement of oscillation frequency and other performance measures. Simulated performance, schematics and measurement results are presented.