Date of Award

Spring 2015

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

First Advisor

Kizito, John P.

Abstract

The ultimate goal of the present study is to aid in the development of tools to assist in the treatment of cardiovascular disease. Gaining an understanding of hemodynamic parameters for medical implants allow clinicians to have some patient-specific proposals for intervention planning. In the present study a full cardiovascular experimental phantom and digital phantom (CFD model) was fabricated to study: (1) the effects of local hemodynamics on global hemodynamics, (2) the effects of transition from bed-rest to upright position, and (3) transport of dye (drug delivery) in the arterial system. Computational three dimensional (3-D) models (designs A, B, and C) stents were also developed to study the effects of stent design on hemodynamic flow and the effects of drug deposition into the arterial wall. The experimental phantom used in the present study is the first system reported in literature to be used for hemodynamic assessment in static and orthostatic posture changes. Both the digital and experimental phantom proved to provide different magnitudes of wall shear and normal stresses in sections where previous studies have only analyzed single arteries. The dye mass concentration study for the digital and experimental cardiovascular phantom proved to be useful as a surrogate for medical drug dispersion. The dye mass concentration provided information such as transition time and drug trajectory paths. For the stent design CFD studies, hemodynamic results (wall shear stress (WSS), normal stress, and vorticity) were assessed to determine if simplified stented geometries can be used as a surrogate for patient-specific geometries and the role of stent design on flow. Substantial differences in hemodynamic parameters were found to exist which confirms the need for patient-specific modeling. For drug eluting stent studies, the total deposition time for the drug into the arterial wall was approximately 3.5 months.

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