How Data Are Used and Misused in Schools: Perceptions from Teachers and Principals.
Education reform efforts have mandated the use of student achievement data in schools. This Q-methodology study investigates the perceptions of principals and teachers about how data are used or misused. Principals in the sample were found to use data mostly to evaluate the school, make improvements, and model best practices of data use. Teachers used data to improve instruction and outcomes for students. Results indicate a need to create an assessment savvy environment where data are used to improve practices.
Jackson, Karen T., "How Data Are Used and Misused in Schools: Perceptions from Teachers and Principals." (2013). Faculty Publications. 111.